<<< This is a post primarily aimed at non-police readers. >>>
I once wrote a small guide for Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health Trust, explaining police ranks and roles. Here it is, made generic to whole UK, to explain what it means for health and social care professionals. You are only likely to see the first three in operational situations; the next three in local partnership meetings or during extremely serious incidents.
NB: Can I ask police officers not to point out the gross-oversimplification that this represents?! It is an indicative guide only for non-police readers and I’m well aware of how it doesn’t survive contact with detailed reality in all areas!
And before I list them, all ranks up to and including Chief Superintendent, can be uniform or detectives. They are of equivalent rank – so a uniformed sergeant ‘outranks’ a detective constable, and so on.
Senior detectives – Inspector to Chief Superintendent – are also sometimes referred to as Senior Investigating Officers. The more serious the matter, the more senior the SIO. So murders are usually Detective Chief Inspectors or Detective Superintendents. Serious violence or sexual offences, Detective Inspectors or Detective Chief Inspectors … and so on.
Likely to be the ones supporting on MHA processes; investigating volume offences against NHS staff by inpatients, detaining people under s136 MHA and locating / recovering AWOL patients, etc..
At least two or three in each area at any time, as well as others working in “Custody” and control rooms. They are the first port-of-call for escalating of any queries about police responses to incidents.
Police Inspector – Senior operational officer 24/7. Oversees all officers on duty at that time – there is usually just one “duty inspector” in operational command at any time.
Oversees responses to critical incidents, can “call out” senior / specialist officers out of hours, as required. Final arbiter of police response and resourcing disputes: internal AND external.
LOCAL SENIOR OFFICERS
Chief Inspector – Usually two or three working on any borough. Would oversee “Response Teams” and / or “Police Neighbourhood Teams” or “CID / Investigations / Offender Management”.
Also like to act as senior public order or firearms commanders and critical incident managers. One of them will be “The DCI”, a senior detective, responsible for all crime investigation locally.
Superintendent – Usually one or two on each borough. Responsible for “Operations” or “Crime” or “Partnerships”; or in some areas they are identified as the local police commander for an given area.
Also carry a range of particular statutory authorities and also act as senior public order or firearms commanders. There is a superintendent on-call for every area; or working 24/7 in most police forces.
Chief Superintendent – head of a policing area or headquarters department.
They are responsible to the Chief Constable for all policing activity in their area. This person is the ‘local police chief’ to whom all local partnership, crime and operations matters are directed.
Otherwise known locally as “The Boss”.
FORCE SENIOR OFFICERS
Assistant Chief Constable (Non-London) – between one and five per force, dependent on size. Responsible for a certain policy area forcewide, as well as “territorial” oversight of two or more boroughs.
Commander (London) – head of a major department or group of boroughs and there are around 25 Commanders in the Metropolitan Police and on in the City of London. These are the first chief officer ranks.
Deputy Chief Constable (Non-London) – the senior discipline authority for each force and as name suggests, the 2nd in charge for the force. Has certain policy responsibilities and an overall eye of force performance. There is normally one DCC per force but in some regions where forces collaborate, there may be an additional DCC.
Deputy Assistant Commissioner (Metropolitan Police) – oversees groups of departments or boroughs in London. There are eight of them.
Chief Constable (Non-London) – “The boss”. Larger forces’ Chief Constables tend to have been CCs elsewhere first. Dave THOMPSON QPM (West Midlands) is an exception to this precedent having been promoted from within from DCC.
Assistant Commissioner (London) – there are four ACs and although they carry similar responsibilities to ACCs it is on a far broader scale and equivalent in rank to Chief Constables.
SENIOR METROPOLITAN POLICE OFFICERS
This police officer – currently Sir Stephen House QPM (former Chief Constable of Scotland) – is the 2nd highest ranking officer in the UK and is usually a former Chief Constable. He was appointed by HM the Queen on the Home Secretary’s recommendation.
Cressida DICK CBE QPM was appointed Met Commissioner in 2017. She is the first female commissioner in history and was previously Assistant Commissioner. She was appointed by HM the Queen on the Home Secretary’s recommendation after a period of time seconded to the Foreign Office.
Winner of the President’s Medal,
the Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Winner of the Mind Digital Media Award
All opinions expressed are my own – they do not represent the views of any organisation.
(c) Michael Brown, 2019
I try to keep this blog up to date, but inevitably over time, amendments to the law as well as court rulings and other findings from inquests and complaints processes mean it is difficult to ensure all the articles and pages remain current. Please ensure you check all legal issues in particular and take appropriate professional advice where necessary.
Government legislation website – http://www.legislation.gov.uk